General Overview

General Overview

Economic Structure & Activity

Economic Activity (2017)

GDP

EUR 3.26 trillion

GDP per Capita

EUR 38,183

GDP by Sector

Services 68%, Manufacturing Industry 26%, Construction 5%, Agriculture >1%

GDP Growth

2.2%

Inflation Rate

1.8%

Exports of Goods

EUR 1,279 billion

Imports of Goods

EUR 1,035 billion

Economic Structure (latest figures as of 2015)

Number of Companies

3.5 million

Percentage of which are SMEs

99.6%
Total Turnover All CompaniesEUR 6.33 trillion
Total SME Turnover35%
Total Employees 29 million
Number of Employees in SMEs58.5%


Constitutional Order, Population & Land Area

Constitutional Order

Form of Government

Parliamentary federal republic

Head of State

Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier

Head of Government

Federal Chancellor Dr. Angela Merkel

Legislative Body

Bundestag (Parliament) and Bundesrat (Council of Constituent States)

Administration

16 state parliaments

Population & Land Area (2017)
Area357,340 km²
Population82 million
Working Population44.3 million
Largest CitiesBerlin (3.5 million), Hamburg (1.8 million), Munich (1.5 million)

Infrastructure


(2017)

Area357,340 km²
Coastline2,389 km
International Passenger Airports
22
Seaports
24
Inland Ports
250
Waterways
7,350
Roadways
230,000 km (of which 13,000 km highway)

Railways

38,000 km

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