General Overview

General Overview

Economic Structure & Activity

Economic Activity (2016)

GDP

EUR 3.1 trillion

GDP per Capita

EUR 38,114

GDP by Sector

Services 68.9%, Manufacturing Industry without construction 25.7%, Construction 4.8%, Agriculture 0.6%

GDP Growth

1.9%

Inflation Rate

0.5%

Exports of Goods

EUR 1,210 billion

Imports of Goods

EUR 953 billion

Economic Structure (2016)

Number of Companies (2015)

3.47 million

Percentage of which Are SMEs

99.6%
Total Turnover All Companies (2010)EUR 6.332 bn
Total SME Turnover35.0%
Total Employees (2015) 28.82 million
Number of Employees in SMEs58.5%


Constitutional Order, Population & Land Area

Constitutional Order

Form of Government

Parliamentary federal republic

Head of State

Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier

Head of Government

Federal Chancellor Dr. Angela Merkel

Legislative Body

Bundestag (Parliament) and Bundesrat (Council of Constituent States)

Administration

16 state parliaments

Population & Land Area (2017)
Area357,340 km²
Population82 million
Working Population44.3 million
Largest CitiesBerlin (3.5 million), Hamburg (1.8 million), Munich (1.5 million)

Infrastructure


(2016)

Area357,340 km²
Coastline2,389 km
International Passenger Airports
25
Seaports
24
Inner Harbors
250
Waterways
7,350
Roadways
230,100 km (of which 12,900 km highway)

Railways

37,900 km