Value Added Tax (VAT)

Value-added Tax (VAT)

Input VAT (Vorsteuerabzug)

On purchasing goods or making use of services, companies regularly have to pay value-added tax themselves. The taxes collected and paid can be balanced out in the input VAT deduction (Vorsteuerabzug). For companies, value-added tax represents a transitory item only.

Example: How Input VAT is Balanced

A car dealer has sold ten vehicles in one month, each at a gross price of EUR 17,850 (net cost EUR 15,000). For each sale, the dealer receives EUR 2,850 in VAT from the customer. At the end of the month, the dealer therefore owes the tax authorities EUR 28,500.

However, in the same period, the car dealer also bought ten cars from the car manufacturer. The net cost of each car was EUR 10,000. The car manufacturer added 19 percent VAT to this amount. The dealer therefore transferred EUR 119,000 (including EUR 19,000 in VAT) to the manufacturer.

Thus, the car dealer has received EUR 28,500 in VAT and paid out EUR 19,000 in VAT. These totals are communicated to the tax office (Finanzamt), and only the difference of EUR 9,500 must be transferred by the car dealer to the tax authorities.


Christina Schön Christina Schön | © GTAI/ Illing & Vossbeck Fotografie

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Christina Schön

Udo Sellhast Udo Sellhast | © GTAI

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Udo Sellhast

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