Natural Gas and LNG

tanker | © GettyImages/MsLightBox

Natural Gas & Liquid Natural Gas (LNG): Energy Transition

What role will natural gas play in reducing emissions? What will influence integration of LNG into German energy markets?

Natural Gas’s global growth position is underpinned by: its advantages over other fossil fuels in emissions abatement, its cost competitiveness, and its complementary (non-disruptive) integration into existing energy infrastructure and smart energy solutions that can balance the fluctuating supply of renewable energy. Its efficiency, storage capabilities, abundant availability, and economic viability legitimizes its “keystone” role in Germany’s Energy Transition.

Gas is widely accepted as best practice in bridging the German Energy Transition. Germany’s continued commitment to a cleaner and renewable-based energy market will require additional gas infrastructure investment. To hedge against ever-tightening emissions regulations and a projected natural gas import gap, the German government has announced its support for investments in LNG propulsion systems and infrastructure.

Opportunities: Market Making Legislation

  • Currently, Germany has no significant LNG market. Except for minor bunkering facilities, LNG infrastructure is non-existent.

  • Market driver: Germany’s Energiewende (“Energy Transition”) and the country’s ambitious climate goals, necessitate the construction of additional gas infrastructure. German Government and EU Legislature view investments in Natural Gas infrastructures as a priority.

  • With coal-fired and nuclear power phase-out and strong demand for clean mobility solutions, domestic gas demand is predicted to experience continued growth through 2040.

  • By requiring Transmission System Operators (TSO) to foot 90% of the grids connection costs, governmental regulators (June 2019) have confirmed Germany’s political pledge to establish large scale feed-in infrastructure domestically.

  • With large-scale LNG (import terminals with pipeline feed-in) maritime delivery the following LNG market segments should attract investment: bunker supply (bunker barge, road tanker, rail bunker), LNG depot (inland port, refueling station, peak-shaving storage, small-scale liquification), off grid (local regasification, virtual pipeline), LNG fuels (heavy road and mining, maritime vessels and marine APU, inland barges).

  • Germany is facilitating small-scale LNG investments with incentives aimed at diversifying German LNG demand.


David J. Warne David Warne | © GTAI

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