Hydrogen and power-to-gas technologies occupy a prominent place in the long-term energy storage plans and future mobility and fuel strategy of the German Government. Surplus energy from fluctuating renewable sources can be stored as hydrogen gas in the extensive German gas grid by means of electrolysis. As a participant in the power-control market it serves to stabilize grid frequency and optimize grid usage. The introduction of power-to-gas technologies is inevitability as the German government seeks to meet its climate targets and reduce primary energy demand in the transportation sector. These goals include a 40% reduction of energy consumption in the transport sector and GHG emission reductions of 80% until 2050. Substantial reductions of power demand and emissions in transportation are only achievable with high fuel-demand coverage with power-to-gas in combination with electrification of the drive-train (battery and fuel cell electric engines). Plans to promote the expansion of nationwide hydrogen infrastructure are under way.
The power-to-gas technology creates investment potential along the entire supply chain: from long-term storage, production and trading to electrolyzer production, gas compression, and smart gas metering amongst other things. Within Europe, Germany alone has the majority of European fuel cell and hydrogen technology demonstration projects. Thanks to internationally recognized certification institutions, the large number of players, and regional and international activities, Germany is developing and setting tomorrow’s global technical framework and standards.Hydrogen in Germany - New Funding Program | © BMWi