The excellence of Germany’s infrastructure is confirmed by a number of studies, including various UNCTAD investor surveys and the Swiss IMD’s World Competitiveness Yearbook. In the later, Germany’s infrastructure is singled out as one of the TOP 5 key indicators for the attractiveness of the economy.
The 2019 Global Competitiveness Report’s ranking includes high marks for the quality of German roads and airports, the rail and port infrastructure, and the country’s outstanding electricity and water supply.
Enterprises can easily benefit from Germany’s excellent logistics infrastructure: the network includes not only the port of Hamburg – Europe’s third largest container port, but also Bremerhaven – the world’s second largest port for the transfer of vehicles, and Duisburg – home of the continent’s largest inland port. Measuring the logistics performance and infrastructure of 160 countries, the World Bank’s Logistics Performance Index (LPI) in 2018 ranks Germany performance first.
Logistics Performance and Quality of the Infrastructure (2018)
Source: World Bank 2018
With over 250 additional inland ports, Germany’s port infrastructure facilitates the efficient delivery of goods in Europe’s largest market. The Rhine and Elbe rivers serve as major arteries for barge traffic to the deep-water ports in the various river bights and along the North Sea Coast.
Germany has a dense network of airports, 25 of which offer international services. Frankfurt ranks as Europe’s largest and fourth largest airport in terms of cargo and passenger volume, respectively.
The country’s highway system has one of the greatest kilometer densities in Europe and the 37,900 km of railway tracks are nearly enough to circle the globe while its high-speed railway network, with speeds of up to 300 km/h, is the sixth largest in the world.You can find this fragment in the following contexts: