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FDI Projects & Stocks

Germany counts among the world’s leading foreign direct investment (FDI) destination countries.

Germany is one of the world's most attractive business and investment locations. Within the European Union, the country enjoys a reputation as the preferred business destination for international investors.

FDI Data

Germany ranks among the top ten in the world as a recipient of foreign direct investment (FDI), according to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

European stocks at the top

According to official Bundesbank (“German Central Bank”) statistics for 2021, almost half (or EUR 302 billion) of all FDI stocks in Germany originate from within the European Union, with a further 17 percent stemming from the remaining European non-EU countries. Investments from outside the EU continue to grow. North America accounts for 21 percent of FDI stock, while Asia holds an eleven percent share. The total amount of foreign FDI stocks in Germany amounts to EUR 615 billion.

Ongoing interest in greenfield investments

Between 2015 and 2022, fDi Markets recorded more than 10,000 investment projects in Germany by some 9,200 foreign companies. In 2022 more than 1,000 projects were noted down, making it a slightly weaker year due to the pandemic. However Germany is still placed third worldwide in terms of FDI projects attracted. FDI results are based on greenfield project announcements (including expansions and joint ventures) collected in the Financial Times Group's fDi Markets database.

The most important countries as sources for new investment projects are the USA (19 percent of all investment projects since 2015), Switzerland (eleven percent) as well as the UK (nine percent) and China (seven percent). The ICT & software industry, and business & financial services are leading sectors in attracting new projects. The industrial machinery & equipment, textiles, consumer goods, and chemical industries are likewise attractive foreign investment sectors in Germany.

Most new projects open sales and marketing & support offices. One in seven investment projects is a manufacturing site or R&D-facility – making Germany a very important business location.

FDI Reputation

Want to know what makes Germany so attractive? Renowned FDI studies provide the answers.

First choice in Europe

Several studies this year (2023) have confirmed the attractiveness of the German location. Both Kearney's "FDI Confidence Index" and "EY UK Attractiveness Survey" confirm Germany's reputation as the most attractive location in Europe.

A recent study (2023) conducted by the American Chamber of Commerce highlights the positive image in which the German business environment is held by US companies. Invited to indicate how attractive the German investment environment is coming out of the pandemic, 62 percent of the participating American companies replied the investment conditions are either „very good/good“ or stayed the same. A further 88 percent want to either expand or maintain their current activities in Germany over the next three to four years.

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