The process of reunification brought many challenges, but also numerous opportunities. During the last three decades, a lot has improved. Massive investments have been made in infrastructure. Historic city centers and cultural monuments now shine with their former splendor. Public research institutes have been established – often building upon existing industrial traditions. Companies from inside and outside Germany have set up branch offices and production facilities. And firms from Eastern Germany have also successfully integrated into international markets.
Today, industry's share of gross value added in the new federal states exceeds the EU average. Berlin has become the start-up capital of reunited Germany, and other cities and regions in the east also offer excellent environments for young companies thanks to start-up centers, incubators, support programs, and the like. Industrial clusters and networks connect major players from business, education and research and promote innovation through mutual exchange.
Eastern Germany’s cutting-edge business sectors include cleantech, nanotechnology and new materials, biotechnology, information and communication technologies, health care and medical technology, and photonics.